What do we mean when we speak about integration? It seems a simple question; there is, however, no single or simple answer. And despite the fact that the term ‘integration’ originally has positive significations, it has increasingly been used in a negative way to describe and demand the integration of one social group “immigrants and […]

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The Individual and Islam

Individualism in Eastern and Western Cultures It seems that the concept of the “individual”, in its moral and political sense, represents a cultural and intellectual Western achievement for which it is hard to find an equivalent in Eastern cultures in general, and in Islamic culture in particular. Beginning with the philosophy of Sophists and Epicureans […]

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